Provisional Birth Defect Surveillance Report

Kenya had never had a birth defect surveillance system in place. As a starting point in establishing a birth defect surveillance the MOH through K-FELTP in partnership with CDC came up with a training curriculum. Birth defect training began in February 2016 at one of the pilot sites-Pumwani maternity hospital- where health care workers underwent a two day training. The training focused on three major external birth defects that are easily identified. This were: Orofacial clefts, Neural Tube defects and talipes equinovarus.

The training aimed to equip participants with general overview of birth defects, definition , public health burden, acquire knowledge about risk factors associated with birth defects and understand the Importance of public health surveillance. Regarding Neural tube defects, Orofacial clefts and talipes equinovarus the training equips participants with the knowledge and skills to understand the epidemiology and their burden recognize and classify the various types of neural tube defects, types of Orofacial clefts and describe clinical features of the three major defects. The training equips participants on three types of case ascertainment and how birth defects cases will be ascertained in the Kenya Birth Defects Surveillance System and ultimately understand the critical role of the healthcare provider in case ascertainment.

Current birth defect surveillance sites: 14

Nairobi County: Pumwani Maternity hospital, Mama Lucy kibaki hospital ,Kenyatta National hospital , Nyeri referral hospital, Coast General hospital, Kilifi county referral hospital, Chulaimbo, Siaya referral hospital, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, Kitale county referral, Webuye sub county hospital, Naivasha sub-county hospital, Nyamira County referral hospital and Moi referral and teaching hospital.

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